The textile industry is one of the oldest industries, which includes all processes of dyeing and printing, as well as the production of fibers, and thus converting them into yarn.
In the textile industry, fibers are generally divided into two categories :
Synthetic fibers are of both artificial and natural origin. Polyester, Acrylic, Modacrylic, Polyethylene, Polypropylene and Polyamide are of synthetic origin, and glass fibers and viscose are also of natural origin.
Polyester fibers are known as synthetic fibers, but they can also be considered as substitutes for natural yarn. Polyester fibers are produced by humans and industrially and account for a large percentage of the market. These fibers are made of PET and are cut into short or staple fibers after passing through all the tensile and thermal steps. For polyester fibers, two single-stage and two-stage technologies can be followed with regard to the thickness and absence of fibers.
Single-stage technology usually does not have a high degree of elegance and sensitivity to produce fiber, which consumes less energy. Two-step technology is also available to produce high-quality elegance and high quality fiber, with a high degree of quality and physical properties.
Softness, warmth and, at the same time, durability are important features of polyester fiber. These fibers are quite delicate and can be washed by the machine. These fibers have many uses and are commonly used for uses that should not be subjected to moisture. Among the uses of these fibers are: doll making, heat insulation and moisture, sofa, carpet, car floor coverings, clothing types, types of sleeping goods and more.
Polyester fiber has a high strength and resistance against wrinkling, rubbing, molding and stretching. These fibers are very suitable for wet and damp environments because of their water quality and are resistant to continuous operation. Other properties that are important in polyester fibers are their chemical properties. It is also resistant to many chemicals, such as all kinds of weak acids, dilute alkaline materials, a variety of bleaching agents such as alcohol, soap and detergents.